ISP bandwidth and download speeds
The most common confusion caused by the similarity of KBps and kbps is when it comes to internet bandwidth and download speeds. People often complain that their ISP promised 512kbps connectivity but they are seldom able to download any file at 512 KBps. They fail to notice the difference in cases of the units and hence think their ISP is cheating them or offering them poor quality service. As mentioned earlier data transfer speeds are always calculated in terms of kilo bits per second (kbps) so an ISP connectivity of 512 kbps promises of transfer of at the max 512 kilo bits per second.
On the other hand, file size measure is always in Kilo Bytes and thus download speeds are always calculated based on how many Bytes per second are downloaded and hence Kilo Bytes per second (KBps). KBps and kbps are not interchangeable.
So an internet connectivity of say 512kbps can never achieve a download speed of 512 KBps. To calculate the maximum download speed of a “X kbps” connection, we need to use a simple formula as below.
Download KBPS speed = (Kbps value*1000) /8)) / 1024.
I.e. For a connectivity of 512 kbps
kbps value * 1000 = 512 * 1000 = 512000
512000 / 8 = 64000
64000 / 1024 = 62.5 KBps
Therefore theoretically an internet connection of 512kbps bandwidth can download at a speed of 62.5 KBps
If you don’t want to go through all the hassles of the above formula, just multiply the kbps value with 0.1220703125 to get the KBps value.
512 kbps * 0.1220703125 = 62.5 KBps. Simple!
|Internet connectivity||Download speed (approx)|
|256 kbps||31.3 KBps|
|384 kbps||46.9 KBps|
|512 kbps||62.5 KBps|
|768 kbps||93.8 KBps|
|1 mbps ~ 1000kbps||122.1 KBps|
I have mentioned download speed as approximate because they will vary (always reduce) by 15 – 20% due to network signal loss, computer hardware overheads etc. So for realistic, real world figures always reduce 15 – 20% from the computed KBPS download speeds
Now I guess the confusion of kbps and KBps has cleared away. Just remember when you talk in terms of network it’s always bites per second (bps) and when you talk in terms of storage and files its always Bytes per second (Bps). And next time you won’t complain when your 512 kbps connection does not give you download speeds of 512KBps because now you know why